Survey on Cultural Heritage Adaptive Reuse practices

Id Name Description Action
3205 St. Martin´s Chapel in Stari Brod, Croatia The wooden chapel of St. Martin in Stari Brod (approx. 1700) is a rare example of a traditional folk Baroque architecture with a completely preserved painted interior. Throughout the centuries, it had an important role in the everyday life of local villagers, not only as a gathering place for celebrating Mass, but also as an important symbol of centuries of survival despite wars and floods. In spite of the extremely dilapidated and ruinous state and the evacuation of its inventory, it remained opened until 2007, when construction started. The chapel was reopened and re-consecrated in 2015, after conservation and restoration was finished and all its traditional and historic characteristics preserved. Stari Brod is one of many traditional villages with unique wooden churches, and though these structures were once numerous in the region, St. Martin’s Chapel is just one of around 40 buildings dating from between the 17th and 19th centuries which still survive in this area today.
3206 Dr. Barner’s Sanatorium, Germany Dr. Barner’s Sanatorium was founded by Dr. Friedrich Barner in 1900 as a clinic for internal medicine and psychotherapy. Dr. Barner was one of the first physicians to advocate the association between body and mind, in line with a holistic approach to medicine. The sanatorium counts as one of the most significant Art Nouveau buildings in Germany. The Sanatorium is a characteristic element of European heritage and is an important example of early 20th century architecture and interior decoration. This comprehensive project ensured the careful repair of the original building fabric, removed inappropriate repairs and interventions and reinstated the visual integrity of individual rooms and building elements. The project also modernised technical services and improved the existing fire protection measures, ensuring that the clinic, which is still used for its original purpose, could operate with as little restrictions as possible during the conservation works.
3303 H-Farm, Italy H-Farm was established in 2005 as an incubator of innovative SME in the field of ICT, developing into a more diversified complex, including education at all levels. H-Farm is at present a HUB where Innovation, Entrepreneurship and Education are combined together, in a rural environment. H-Farm is among the first in the world to adopt a model that brings together investments, business consultancy and digitally augmented educational programs all into one place and now is one of the most important innovation centers in Europe. The main premises of H-Farm were built in the agrarian land surrounding Venice and Treviso, around a typical rural building in need of conservation. The implemented restoration, envisaging an adaptive reuse, was in line with the conservation theory by accurate design, with attention to the aspects of cultural and environmental sustainability. The present extension of the complex, including newly designed and built offices, is fully integrated with the natural assets
3305 Botanical Garden of National Palace of Queluz, Portugal The Botanical Garden of the National Palace of Queluz, built around 1770, was destroyed in 1984 by a catastrophic flood. In 2012, a research project was undertaken, anticipating the possibility of an informed reconstruction of the garden, supported by the available documentation and the identification of displaced elements of its masonry and ornamentation which were salvaged from the remains. Queluz was one of four 18th-century botanical gardens built in Portugal which had links to some of the oldest botanical gardens in Europe during the Enlightenment period, such as in Padua (Italy) Madrid (Spain) and Amsterdam (The Netherlands). The discovery of the original botanical index from 1789, which listed all of the plants known to botanists at the time, completed the research and prompted the researchers to make contacts with botanical gardens throughout Europe to request plants from their seed banks or nurseries.
3309 Cavallerizza Reale, Italy Cavallerizza Reale is an 18th century building located in central Torino, part of the emblematic group of buildings that comprise the UNESCO-listed Residences of the Royal House of Savoy. Originally used as stables, the building was temporarily used as a theatre location until 2013. During that period, the ownership was transferred from the Central Government of Italy to the Municipality of Torino, who decided to put the building up for auction in 2010, receiving no adequate offer. In May 2014, a group of local citizens decided to occupy the building with the purpose of re-opening the space to the public and stop the privatization process. The activist group, Assemblea Cavallerizza 14.45, has been managing the building ever since by organizing a variety of cultural, artistic and civic activities. Currently, the citizen group has made a proposal to institutionalise the management role that they have informally been doing based on the Common Goods regulation of the city of Torino.
3310 Casino Urban Culture Centre, Romania The Kiosk (former Casino) was never a Casino in the real sense of the word, but one roulette placed in the building led to a common understanding of the building with name of the Casino. From the end of the XIX. to the XX. century, the Casino was used for various purposes. In 2012, the Local Council of Cluj-Napoca became the owner of the building, restoring and transforming it into a new Urban Culture Centre, resulting in the most appreciated location for hosting cultural or social events in Cluj. The Casino has now a cultural destination, which is financed from its own revenues (e.g. business related activities) and from the local budget, and operates under the authority of the Local Council of Cluj-Napoca.
3311 Victoria Baths, UK The Victoria Baths building was opened in 1906 as "the most splendid municipal bathing institution in the country" and "a water palace of which every citizen of Manchester can be proud". In the 1980s the running costs were becoming significant and the backlog of repairs were growing. In 1993 the difficult decision was taken to close the Baths for good. The same year, the local community (which had rallied Manchester´s Council in an attempt to keep the Baths open) came together to form the Friends of Victoria Baths, a heritage community formed whilst campaigning to save the building for future generations. In 2001 the Council entered into a formal management agreement with the heritage community, forming the so-called Victoria Baths Trust (or the Trust) to improve security and raise grants for repairs. The complex is now a vibrant arts and cultural centre in the heart of the local community – a local, regional and national asset attracting major events throughout the year.
3312 Simonsland, Sweden Simonsland is a historical industrial building that was constructed in 1918 for the purpose of artificial silk manufacturing. It is placed in the municipality of Borås, and therefore, belongs to the Västra Götaland County, a predominantly rural area located in the southwest of Sweden. The privately owned property has suffered a transformation to develop into Simonsland’s current role from May 2014: a Textile Fashion Centre defined as “Northern Europe’s textile meeting place”, gathering education, research and mostly business development, by offering working spaces for newly created companies around the textile sector.
3314 Castle Ryn, Poland Building is a renovated XIV century castle, which was rebuilt during the XIX century. There was a prison for women there for a period of time. After II World War it served as a town hall, but it was very expensive in use and there was no money for much needed renovation, so the town sold it to a private owner in 2001. The owner renovated the building and turned it into a hotel and a conference centre, that is operating since 2006. The renovation was organized in a very short time, less than a year, which is spectacular for such an enormous project.
3315 Boulingrin Central Market Hall in Reims, France The project was awarded an EU Prize for Cultural Heritage / Europa Nostra Award 2015 in the conservation category. In giving an award to the Boulingrin Market Hall in Reims, the Jury wanted first of all to pay homage to the courage of the decision, more than twenty-five years ago, to save this exceptional example of 20th century commercial architecture and reinforced concrete construction. The soaring enclosed space still exhilarates the visitor. The complex and painstaking repair work has not only restored the primal energy of the design, but also reinstated its original market functions, bringing vibrant new life not only within Maigrot and Freyssinet’s cavernous structure, but also throughout the surrounding neighbourhood.